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Diversity, Equity, Inclusion & Justice (DEIJ) Resources: Articles on DEIJ Pedagogy and Theory

Articles on Law School Pedagogy and Classroom Practices

Articles on Cultural Awareness and Proficiency

Lorraine K. Bannai and Anne Enquist, (Un)Examined Assumptions and (Un)Intended Messages: Teaching Students to Recognize Bias in Legal Analysis and Language, 27 Seattle U. L. Rev. 1 (2003).

Faisal Bhabha, Towards a Pedagogy of Diversity in Legal Education, 52 Osgoode Hall L.J. 59 (2014).

Anastasia M. Boles, The Culturally Proficient Law Professor: Beginning the Journey, 48 N.M. L. Rev. 145 (2018).

Anastasia M. Boles, Seeking Inclusion from the Inside Out: Towards a Paradigm of Culturally Proficient Legal Education, 11 Charleston L. Rev. 209 (2017).

Susan Bryant, The Five Habits: Building Cross-Cultural Competence in Lawyers, 8 Clinical Law Review 33 (2001), available at

Andrea A. Curcio, Teresa M. Ward & Nisha Dogra, Educating Culturally Sensible Lawyers: A Study of Student Attitudes about the Role Culture Plays in the Lawyering Process, 16 U.W. Sydney L. Rev. 98 (2012).

Sean Darling-Hammond & Kristen Holmquist, Creating Wise Classrooms to Empower Diverse Law Students: Lessons in Pedagogy from Transformative Law Professors, 25 La Raza L.J. (2015).

Neil Hamilton & Jeff Maleska, Helping Students Develop Affirmative Evidence of Cross-Cultural Competence, 19 Scholar 187 (2017).

Teri A. McMurtry-Chubb, The Practical Implications of Unexamined Assumptions:  Disrupting Flawed Legal Arguments to Advance the Cause of Justice, 58 Washburn L.J. 531 (2019), available at

Rachel Moran, When Intercultural Competency Comes to Class: Navigating Difference in the Modern American Law School, 26 Pac. McGeorge Global Bus. & Dev. L.J. 109 (2013).

Serena Patel, Cultural Competency Training: Preparing Law Students for Practice in Our Multicultural World, UCLA L. Rev., In Discourse, Oct. 17, 2014, available at

Antoinette Sedillo Lopez, Beyond Best Practices for Legal Education: Reflections on Cultural Awareness - Exploring the Issues in Creating a Law School and Classroom Culture, 38 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 1176 (2012).

Julie Spanbauer, Using a Cultural Lens in the Law School Classroom to Stimulate Self-Assessment, 48 Gonz. L. Rev. 365 (2013).

Bonny L. Tavares, Changing the Construct: Promoting Cross-Cultural Conversations in the Law School Classroom, 67 J. Legal Ed. 211 (2017).

Christina A. Zawisza, Teaching Cross-Cultural Competence to Law Students: Understanding the Self as Other, Fla. Coastal L. Rev. 185 (2016).


Articles on Disability/Accommodations/Accessibility

Susan J. Adams, Leveling the Floor: Classroom Accommodations for Law Students with Disabilities, 48 J. Legal Educ. 273 (1998).

Laura Rothstein, Forty Years of Disability Policy in Legal Education and the Legal Profession: What Has Changed and What Are the New Issues?, 22 Am U. J. Gender & Soc. Pol’y 519 (2014).


Articles on First-Generation Students

Jacqueline M. O'Bryant & Katharine Traylor Schaffzin, First-Generation Students in Law School: A Proven Success Model, 70 Ark. L. Rev. 913 (2018), available at


Articles on Indigenous Peoples and Tribal Justice

Brennan P. Breeland, I am Jack's Radical Self-Degradation: A Pedigogical Argument for the Inclusion of the Indigenous Narrative in the Postmodern Legal Education (2010), available at

Tonya Kowalski, The Forgotten Sovereigns, 36 Fla. St. L. Rev. 765 (2009), available at

Samantha A. Moppett, Acknowledging America’s First Sovereign: Incorporating Tribal Justice Systems into the Legal Research and Writing Curriculum, 35 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 267 (2010).


Articles on Race and Gender in the Classroom

Margalynne Armstrong & Stephanie Wildman, Teaching Race/Teaching Whiteness: Transforming Colorblindness to Color Insight, 86 N.C. L. Rev. 635 (2008).

Meera E. Deo, et al., Paint by Number? How the Race and Gender of Law School Faculty Affect the First-Year Curriculum, 29 Chicano/a-Latino/a L. Rev. 1 (2010).